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Table 3 Spearman’s rho‎ correlations among instrument scores pre- to post-intervention

From: The Long-Term Impacts of Short-Term Professional Development: Science Teachers and Evolution

  CINS ACORNS-KC MATE-P MATE-S TA-NOS 1 TA-NOS 3 TA-NOS 5 TA-NOS 6
Pre-survey
 CINS 1        
 ACORNS-KC 0.775** 1       
 MATE-P 0.836** 0.830** 1      
 MATE-S 0.550** 0.425* 0.682** 1     
 TA-NOS 1 0.537** 0.439* 0.501** 0.335 1    
 TA-NOS 3 0.247 0.163 0.212 0.263 0.173 1   
 TA-NOS 5 0.454* 0.379* 0.494** 0.282 0.15 0.283 1  
 TA-NOS 6 0.286 0.334 0.411* 0.239 0.085 0.086 0.314 1
Post-survey
 CINS 1        
 ACORNS-KC 0.617** 1       
 MATE-P 0.714** 0.743** 1      
 MATE-S 0.443* 0.598** 0.781** 1     
 TA-NOS 1 0.368 0.237 0.394* 0.361 1    
 TA-NOS 3 0.638** 0.372 0.406* 0.292 –0.002 1   
 TA-NOS 5 0.314 0.297 0.180 0.092 0.356 0.276 1  
 TA-NOS 6 0.594** 0.347 0.312 0.268 0.059 0.372 0.080 1
  1. CINS natural selection knowledge multiple-choice test, ACORNS-KC open-response evolution key concept knowledge test, MATE acceptance of evolution test, MATE-P Personal acceptance test, MATE S Scientists’ acceptance test, TA-NOS the nature of science knowledge test.
  2. p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01.