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Table 3 Alignment of pre-post assessment questions with course learning objectives

From: Design-based learning for a sustainable future: student outcomes resulting from a biomimicry curriculum in an evolution course

Pre-post assessment questions

Knowledge objectives

Q1. Make an argument about how society can benefit from understanding form and function in nature. Use an example to illustrate your argument

Apply species’ S-F properties to navigate societal problems (Science Process Skill)

Q2. Explain how a biologist would describe the dependence of organismal function on its structure. Use an illustrative example in your answer

A biologist in this context is someone who seeks to understand living systems

Explain that the functions and properties of organisms are determined by their structures

Explain that adaptation through natural selection accounts for the appearance of “design” in nature and is subject to constraints

Describe how multiple aspects of a structure relate to organismal survival through various functions

Explain how phenotypic variation is influenced by genes and environment and that this is necessary for evolution