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Table 5 Summary of reported teacher emphasis when teaching evolution, by current NGSS status of their state (column percentages)

From: Teaching evolution in U.S. public schools: a continuing challenge

 Non-FrameworkBased on FrameworkAdopted NGSS
2007
 Evolution as settled science52.749.849.7
 Mixed messages19.821.826.7
 Avoidance18.817.417.3
 Creationism as valid8.711.06.3
 Total100100100
 N257332333
2019
 Evolution as settled science65.766.868.9
 Mixed messages12.712.711.6
 Avoidance16.314.014.4
 Creationism as valid5.36.65.1
 Total100100100
 N211243262
  1. NGSS classification based on report of the National Science Teaching Association (https://ngss.nsta.org/About.aspx)