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Table 8 Reported teacher emphasis when teaching evolution, by level (column percentages)

From: Teaching evolution in U.S. public middle schools: results of the first national survey

  Middle school High school
(N = 653) (N = 718)
A. Full sample
 Evolution as settled science 38.3 67.3
 Mixed messages 15.1 12.3
 Avoidance 39.2 14.8
 Pro-creationism 7.4 5.7
 Total 100.0% 100.0%
  Middle school High school
(N = 416) (N = 674)
B. Only teachers reporting devoting one or more class hours to either evolution or creationism
 Evolution as settled science 51.5 69.8
 Mixed messages 18.1 12.8
 Avoidance 21.0 11.8
 Pro-creationism 9.3 5.6
 Total 100.0% 100.0%
  1. Teachers who answered “not applicable” on all constituent questions are excluded