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Table 1 Knowledge and skill objectives emphasized throughout the tested curricula

From: Design-based learning for a sustainable future: student outcomes resulting from a biomimicry curriculum in an evolution course

Knowledge Objectives
Students will be able to…
Skill Objectives
Students will be able to…
Both Sections Both Sections
Explain that the functions and properties of organisms are determined by their structures
Explain that adaptation through natural selection accounts for the appearance of “design” in nature and is subject to constraints
Describe how multiple aspects of a structure relate to organismal survival through various functions
Explain how phenotypic variation is influenced by genes and environment and that this is necessary for evolution
Develop multiple testable hypotheses and predictions based on evidence
Use quantitative thinking to adopt reasonable objective criteria for choosing among rival claims
Construct explanations and arguments based on interpretations of data
Read and investigate the primary literature for evidence-based information
DBL section DBL section
Compare species’ S-F properties and evolutionary mechanisms that shape natural S-F relationships to human designs and the human design process Apply species’ S-F relationships toward solving problems in human sustainable design
Comparison section Comparison section
Compare homologous S-F properties of species to inform the dependence of function on structure Apply comparative analysis techniques to infer functional properties of species’ structures