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Table 3 Closed-ended isolated fact questions with sample justifications

From: Teaching natural selection in early elementary classrooms: can a storybook intervention reduce teleological misunderstandings?

ConceptQuestionAccurate answer and justificationInaccurate answer and justification
Differential survivalNowadays, will an orped with shorter arms probably be healthy and live for a long time? Why?No, because they can’t reach their food to liveYes, it would have more energy
Nowadays, will an orped with longer arms probably be healthy and live for a long time? Why?Yes, because they can reach food that they needNo, cause they can’t find that much food so they skip meals
Differential reproductionNowadays, will an orped with shorter arms probably have lots of children? Why?No, they will not have a lot of babies because they are not healthy enough to be able to and if they do their baby is going to dieYes, because it is short and light
Nowadays, will an orped with longer arms probably have lots of children? Why?Yes, because they can reach the food since they can reach their arms to get it and the more food the healthier and the healthier the more childrenNo, they are older than the ones with short arms
Inheritance of traitsThese fully grown orpeds both have shorter arms. If these two orpeds had a child, what kind of arms would their child probably have? Why?Shorter arms, they would have to be like their parentsLonger arms, because the 2 small tails = one big tail
Trait constancyThis young orped was born with shorter arms. When this orped is fully grown, what kind of arms will it probably have? Why?Shorter arms, because when you are born with big arms you stay big arms. When you have small arms you have small armsLonger arms. I think the arms will grow over time
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