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TableĀ 1 Overview of the reported misconceptions linked to teleological thinking and potential ways of confronting them

From: Teleological pitfalls in reading evolutionary trees and ways to avoid them

Misconception or educational pitfall

Possible measures/practices

Pop-cultural portrayal

Tree design

Address teleology

Reading across the tips

Tree design

Visualize rotations

Adding additional information

Convert topologies

Order of teaching evolution

Start with families

Start with circle in circle diagrams

Teleological wording

Consider the wording

Illustrate and address teleology

Effects of different representational styles

Tree design

Visualize rotations

Convert topologies

Adding additional information

Diagonal trees

Tree design

Adding additional information

Convert topologies

Anagenetic diagrams

Tree design

Orientation of trees

Tree design

Visualize rotations

Convert topologies

Lines represent no change

Adding additional information

Unbalanced trees

Visualize rotations

Adding additional information

Age of groups

Address teleology

Visualize rotations

Interpreting focal taxa

Positioning of focal taxon

Address teleology

Consider the wording

Different levels

Tree design