Skip to main content

TableĀ 1 Overview of the reported misconceptions linked to teleological thinking and potential ways of confronting them

From: Teleological pitfalls in reading evolutionary trees and ways to avoid them

Misconception or educational pitfallPossible measures/practices
Pop-cultural portrayalTree design
Address teleology
Reading across the tipsTree design
Visualize rotations
Adding additional information
Convert topologies
Order of teaching evolutionStart with families
Start with circle in circle diagrams
Teleological wordingConsider the wording
Illustrate and address teleology
Effects of different representational stylesTree design
Visualize rotations
Convert topologies
Adding additional information
Diagonal treesTree design
Adding additional information
Convert topologies
Anagenetic diagramsTree design
Orientation of treesTree design
Visualize rotations
Convert topologies
Lines represent no changeAdding additional information
Unbalanced treesVisualize rotations
Adding additional information
Age of groupsAddress teleology
Visualize rotations
Interpreting focal taxaPositioning of focal taxon
Address teleology
Consider the wording
Different levelsTree design