Skip to main content

Table 1 Guiding questions, phenomena, and NGSS connections for each module

From: Development and pilot testing of a three-dimensional, phenomenon-based unit that integrates evolution and heredity

Module Driving question Phenomena used DCIs SEPs CCs
Shared biochemistry What shapes the characteristics of all living things? Glowing fish
Firefly tails
HS-LS1.A
HS-LS3.A
HS-LS4.A
Using a model
Analyzing and interpreting data
Argumentation from evidence
Systems and systems models
Patterns
Common ancestry What is the evidence that living species evolved from common ancestral species? Cetacean fossils, anatomy, embryos, and DNA
Number of shared genes between organisms
HS-LS4.A Analyzing and interpreting data
Argumentation from evidence
Patterns
Cause and effect
Heredity How do the differences arise in DNA that lead to differences in characteristics? Canine trait similarities and differences
Highly variable pigeon traits
HS-LS3.A
HS-LS3.B
Using a model
Argumentation from evidence
Cause and effect
Natural selection How do species change over time? Rock pocket mice coloration
Variable lateral plate number in stickleback fish
HS-LS4.B
HS-LS4.C
Analyzing and interpreting data
Argumentation from Evidence
Patterns
Cause and effect
Speciation How does natural selection lead to the formation of new species? Species is a human construct
Hawthorn fly speciation
HS- LS4.C Analyzing and interpreting data
Argumentation from evidence
Cause and effect