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Table 6 Summary of independent-samples t -test analyses for students’ mean difference in pre- to post-instruction mean number of misconceptions related to gender

From: Teachers teaching misconceptions: a study of factors contributing to high school biology students’ acquisition of biological evolution-related misconceptions

  Mean difference in student pre- to post-instruction misconception number(SD)    
Variable Female Male t df p
Students +0.60 +0.35 0.84 533 .40
(3.39) (3.36)
Teachers +0.22 +0.73 −1.75 534 .08
(3.33) (3.41)
  1. df, degrees of freedom; SD, standard deviation.