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Table 3 Examples of students' teleological explanations

From: Children’s Intuitive Teleology: Shifting the Focus of Evolution Education Research

  Teleological explanations Explanations for usefulness
Duck feet Color In order to swim fast For concealment
Shape In order to swim In order to swim well
Scissors Color In order to show that it is sharp In order to cut things
Shape In order to cut Because humans like it that way
Rock Color So that lizards can conceal themselves In order to look nice
Shape So that humans can sit on it In order to look heavy
Booby feet Color In order to be indistinguishable in the water So that its feet are more beautiful
Shape In order to swim In order to swim well
Nutcracker Color In order to look nicer In order to be different
Shape In order to break nuts So that people break things
Stalagmite Color In order to be beautiful Because it looks nice
Shape In order to look nice So that the cave will look nicer