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Table 1 Profile of participants in the study in respect to the total number of students at Roger Williams University (N = 3,806; Roger Williams University Fact Book 2007–2008) and Providence College (N = 3,910; PC Office of Institutional Research 2008)

From: Acceptance of Evolution Increases with Student Academic Level: A Comparison Between a Secular and a Religious College

  Students RWU Biol. Department RWU Participants in study RWU Students PC Biol. Department PC Participants in study PC
No. (%)a No. (%)b No. (%)a No. (%)b
Bio-majorsc Nonmajorse Bio-majorsd Nonmajorsf
No. (%)g No. (%)g No. (%)g No. (%)g
Total 3,806 (100) 322 (100) (8.5)a 237 (49.7) 239 (50.3) 3,910 (100) 301 (100) (7.7)a 212 (59.7) 143 (40.3)
(6.2)a (6.3)a (5.4)a (3.6)a
(73.6)b NA (70.4)b NA
Females 1,899 (49.9) 214 (66.4) 138 (58.2) 118 (49.5) 2,172 (55.5) 186 (61.8) 138 (65.1) 81 (56.6)
Males 1,907 (50.1) 108 (33.6) 99 (41.8) 121 (50.5) 1,738 (44.5) 115 (38.2) 74 (34.9) 62 (43.4)
Freshman 1,179 (31.0) 107 (33.3) 91 (38.4) 10 (4.2) 970 (24.8) 79 (26.2) 70 (33.0) 30 (20.9)
Sophomore 947 (24.9) 81 (25.3) 73 (30.8) 159 (66.6) 970 (24.8) 67 (22.3) 34 (16.0) 26 (18.2)
Junior 905 (23.8) 69 (21.3) 34 (14.5) 40 (16.7) 997 (25.5) 80 (26.6) 50 (23.6) 62 (43.4)
Senior 775 (20.4) 65 (20.1) 39 (16.3) 30 (12.5) 973 (24.9) 75 (24.9) 58 (27.4) 25 (17.5)
New England 2,942 (77.3)h 239 (74.2)n NA NA NA NA 2,639 (67.5)i 233 (77.4)o NA NA NA NA
East Coast 719 (18.9)j 66 (20.4)p NA NA NA NA 985 (25.2)k 44 (14.6)q NA NA NA NA
Other 145 (3.8)l 17 (5.4)r NA NA NA NA 286 (7.3)m 24 (8.0)s NA NA NA NA
  1. Note that the surveyed participants represent 12.5% (n = 476) of RWU’s and 9.1% (n = 355) of PC’s full-time students. Except for the larger enrollment of female than male students in biology at RWU, the biology profile is in accordance with the entire university, a trend that coincides with the bio-majors subsample; the nonmajors subsample has a high representation of sophomores who are expected to enroll in science core during their second academic year. PC has higher enrollment of female than male students in the college and an even higher enrollment of female than male biologists; the rest of the biology profile is in accordance with the entire college; the bio-majors subsample has higher freshman and lower sophomore representation than the biology department’s totals; the nonmajors subsample has a high representation of juniors
  2. aPercentages in respect to total number of students at corresponding institution (RWU or PC)
  3. bPercentages in respect to Biology Department at corresponding institution (RWU or PC)
  4. cRWU biology majors responded to the survey during lecture hours in ten courses (Fall semester 2007). Freshman: Introductory Biology (91); Sophomore: Anatomy and Physiology (19), Animal Behavior (13), Conservation Biology (4); Junior: Ichthyology (28), Marine Vertebrate Biology (23), Genetics (4); Senior: Ecology (23), Phycology (17), Developmental Biology (15). Note that Evolution, Cell Biology, Biochemistry, Virology, and Microbiology (not listed) are offered in the Spring semester; biology courses at RWU have an evolutionary perspective
  5. dPC biology majors responded to the survey during lecture hours in ten courses (Spring semester 2008). Freshman: General Biology (70); Sophomore: Cell and Molecular Genetics (10), Animal Behavior (6), Human Anatomy (6), Symbiosis (5), Invertebrate Zoology (4), Tropical Biology (3); Junior and Senior: Microbiology (22), Immunology (16), Bacterial Physiology (14), Issues in Public Health (12), Biotechnology (11), Vertebrate Evolution (11), Biology of Cancer (9), Drug Design and Discovery (8), Cell Signaling (5)
  6. eRWU nonmajors responded to the survey during lecture hours of Core-101 Scientific Discoveries in Context (eight sections, 30 students/section).
  7. f PC nonmajors responded to the survey during lecture hours of Human Biology (80), Evolution and Modern Biology (27), Genes and Gender (14), Biology of Cancer (9), Drug Design and Discovery (8), Tropical Biology (5)
  8. gPercentages in respect to participants in the study at corresponding institution (RWU or PC)
  9. hRWU New England natives correspond to MA 36.3%, CT 20.8%, RI 11.6%, NH 4.7%, ME 2.4%, VT 1.5%
  10. iPC New England natives correspond to MA 34.3%, CT 15.5%, RI 13.2%, NH 2.6%; ME, VT (<2.0%)
  11. jRWU East Coast natives correspond to NY 10.0%, NJ 6.8%; PA, MD, DC, VA (<2%)
  12. kPC East Coast natives correspond to NY 15.8%, NJ 6.5%, PA 1.6%; MD, VA, DE, DC (<1.5%)
  13. lRWU other natives correspond to twenty states (<1%)
  14. mPC other natives correspond to twenty eight states (<1%)
  15. nRWU Biology Department New England natives correspond to MA 34.3%, CT 18.5%, RI 10.8%, NH 5.9%, VT 2.5%, ME 2.2%
  16. oPC Biology Department New England natives correspond to MA 34.2%, CT 17.3%, RI 21.6%, NH 3.3%; VT, ME (<1.0%)
  17. pRWU Biology Department East Coast natives correspond to NY 10.2%, NJ 7.4%, PA 2.5%, MD 0.3%
  18. qPC Biology Department East Coast natives correspond to NY 9.3%, NJ 2.0%, PA 1.7%; DE, MD (<1.6%)
  19. rRWU Biology Department other natives correspond to seven states (<2%)
  20. sPC Biology Department other natives correspond to eleven states (<1%)