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Table 1 Analysis of biology textbook content on evolution of morality

From: Teaching the Evolution of Morality: Status and Resources

Textbook Innate/learned distinction Relevance of learningto morality Kin selection Reciprocal altruism Cultural evolution Rewards/sanctions Nature/nurture caveat Emergent properties Reductionistic bias
Majors
Campbell et al. (2008)     
Russell et al. (2008)a     
Sadava et al. (2008)       
Solomon et al. (2008)     
Starr et al. (2009)b      
Non-majors
Alters and Alters (2006)c        
Audesirk et al. (2008)d      
Cain et al. (2009)    ✔?    ?  
Hoefnagels (2009)e       
Mader (2009)f     
Pruitt and Underwood (2006)       
Secondary
BSCS (2006)        ✔?
De Salle and Heithaus (2008)g       
Postlethwait and Hopson (2009)        
Miller and Levine (2008)        
  1. aPresents child abuse in reconstituted human families as biological
  2. bEmphasizes reproductive success; chapter opens with “My Pheremones Made Me Do It” about honeybees, followed by section on “How Genes Affect Behavior”
  3. cEmphasizes reproductive fitness; profiles evolutionary psychology; characterizes social behavior as “a form of communication”
  4. dEmphasizes individual cases more than concepts
  5. eOpens chapter with examples of risk-taking helping behavior
  6. fOpens with case of naked mole rats to frame questions
  7. gEmphasizes reproductive success; characterizes cooperation as mutual selfishness