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Table 1 Analysis of biology textbook content on evolution of morality

From: Teaching the Evolution of Morality: Status and Resources

Textbook Innate/learned distinction Relevance of learningto morality Kin selection Reciprocal altruism Cultural evolution Rewards/sanctions Nature/nurture caveat Emergent properties Reductionistic bias
Campbell et al. (2008)     
Russell et al. (2008)a     
Sadava et al. (2008)       
Solomon et al. (2008)     
Starr et al. (2009)b      
Alters and Alters (2006)c        
Audesirk et al. (2008)d      
Cain et al. (2009)    ✔?    ?  
Hoefnagels (2009)e       
Mader (2009)f     
Pruitt and Underwood (2006)       
BSCS (2006)        ✔?
De Salle and Heithaus (2008)g       
Postlethwait and Hopson (2009)        
Miller and Levine (2008)        
  1. aPresents child abuse in reconstituted human families as biological
  2. bEmphasizes reproductive success; chapter opens with “My Pheremones Made Me Do It” about honeybees, followed by section on “How Genes Affect Behavior”
  3. cEmphasizes reproductive fitness; profiles evolutionary psychology; characterizes social behavior as “a form of communication”
  4. dEmphasizes individual cases more than concepts
  5. eOpens chapter with examples of risk-taking helping behavior
  6. fOpens with case of naked mole rats to frame questions
  7. gEmphasizes reproductive success; characterizes cooperation as mutual selfishness